Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Derivatives (Tables)

v3.6.0.2
Derivatives (Tables)
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2016
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities Disclosure [Abstract]  
Schedule of Derivative Instruments
The following tables present derivative instruments included on the Consolidated Balance Sheet in derivative assets and liabilities at December 31, 2016 and 2015. Balances are presented on a gross basis, prior to the application of counterparty and cash collateral netting. Total derivative assets and liabilities are adjusted on an aggregate basis to take into consideration the effects of legally enforceable master netting agreements and have been reduced by the cash collateral received or paid.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2016
 
 
 
Gross Derivative Assets
 
Gross Derivative Liabilities
(Dollars in billions)
Contract/
Notional (1)
 
Trading and Other Risk Management Derivatives
 
Qualifying
Accounting
Hedges
 
Total
 
Trading and Other Risk Management Derivatives
 
Qualifying
Accounting
Hedges
 
Total
Interest rate contracts
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Swaps
$
16,977.7

 
$
385.0

 
$
5.9

 
$
390.9

 
$
386.9

 
$
2.0

 
$
388.9

Futures and forwards
5,609.5

 
2.2

 

 
2.2

 
2.1

 

 
2.1

Written options
1,146.2

 

 

 

 
52.2

 

 
52.2

Purchased options
1,178.7

 
53.3

 

 
53.3

 

 

 

Foreign exchange contracts
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Swaps
1,828.6

 
54.6

 
4.2

 
58.8

 
58.8

 
6.2

 
65.0

Spot, futures and forwards
3,410.7

 
58.8

 
1.7

 
60.5

 
56.6

 
0.8

 
57.4

Written options
356.6

 

 

 

 
9.4

 

 
9.4

Purchased options
342.4

 
8.9

 

 
8.9

 

 

 

Equity contracts
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Swaps
189.7

 
3.4

 

 
3.4

 
4.0

 

 
4.0

Futures and forwards
68.7

 
0.9

 

 
0.9

 
0.9

 

 
0.9

Written options
431.5

 

 

 

 
21.4

 

 
21.4

Purchased options
385.5

 
23.9

 

 
23.9

 

 

 

Commodity contracts
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Swaps
48.2

 
2.5

 

 
2.5

 
5.1

 

 
5.1

Futures and forwards
49.1

 
3.6

 

 
3.6

 
0.5

 

 
0.5

Written options
29.3

 

 

 

 
1.9

 

 
1.9

Purchased options
28.9

 
2.0

 

 
2.0

 

 

 

Credit derivatives
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Purchased credit derivatives:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Credit default swaps
604.0

 
8.1

 

 
8.1

 
10.3

 

 
10.3

Total return swaps/other
21.2

 
0.4

 

 
0.4

 
1.5

 

 
1.5

Written credit derivatives:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Credit default swaps
614.4

 
10.7

 

 
10.7

 
7.5

 

 
7.5

Total return swaps/other
25.4

 
1.0

 

 
1.0

 
0.2

 

 
0.2

Gross derivative assets/liabilities
 

 
$
619.3

 
$
11.8

 
$
631.1

 
$
619.3

 
$
9.0

 
$
628.3

Less: Legally enforceable master netting agreements
 

 
 

 
 

 
(545.3
)
 
 

 
 

 
(545.3
)
Less: Cash collateral received/paid
 

 
 

 
 

 
(43.3
)
 
 

 
 

 
(43.5
)
Total derivative assets/liabilities
 

 
 

 
 

 
$
42.5

 
 

 
 

 
$
39.5

(1) 
Represents the total contract/notional amount of derivative assets and liabilities outstanding.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2015
 
 
 
Gross Derivative Assets
 
Gross Derivative Liabilities
(Dollars in billions)
Contract/
Notional (1)
 
Trading and Other Risk Management Derivatives
 
Qualifying
Accounting
Hedges
 
Total
 
Trading and Other Risk Management Derivatives
 
Qualifying
Accounting
Hedges
 
Total
Interest rate contracts
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Swaps
$
21,706.8

 
$
439.6

 
$
7.4

 
$
447.0

 
$
440.8

 
$
1.2

 
$
442.0

Futures and forwards
6,237.6

 
1.1

 

 
1.1

 
1.3

 

 
1.3

Written options
1,313.8

 

 

 

 
57.6

 

 
57.6

Purchased options
1,393.3

 
58.9

 

 
58.9

 

 

 

Foreign exchange contracts
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Swaps
2,149.9

 
49.2

 
0.9

 
50.1

 
52.2

 
2.8

 
55.0

Spot, futures and forwards
4,104.3

 
46.0

 
1.2

 
47.2

 
45.8

 
0.3

 
46.1

Written options
467.2

 

 

 

 
10.6

 

 
10.6

Purchased options
439.9

 
10.2

 

 
10.2

 

 

 

Equity contracts
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Swaps
201.2

 
3.3

 

 
3.3

 
3.8

 

 
3.8

Futures and forwards
72.8

 
2.1

 

 
2.1

 
1.2

 

 
1.2

Written options
347.6

 

 

 

 
21.1

 

 
21.1

Purchased options
320.3

 
23.8

 

 
23.8

 

 

 

Commodity contracts
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Swaps
47.0

 
4.7

 

 
4.7

 
7.1

 

 
7.1

Futures and forwards
45.6

 
3.8

 

 
3.8

 
0.7

 

 
0.7

Written options
36.6

 

 

 

 
4.4

 

 
4.4

Purchased options
37.4

 
4.2

 

 
4.2

 

 

 

Credit derivatives
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Purchased credit derivatives:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Credit default swaps
928.3

 
14.4

 

 
14.4

 
14.8

 

 
14.8

Total return swaps/other
26.4

 
0.2

 

 
0.2

 
1.9

 

 
1.9

Written credit derivatives:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Credit default swaps
924.1

 
15.3

 

 
15.3

 
13.1

 

 
13.1

Total return swaps/other
39.7

 
2.3

 

 
2.3

 
0.4

 

 
0.4

Gross derivative assets/liabilities
 

 
$
679.1

 
$
9.5

 
$
688.6

 
$
676.8

 
$
4.3

 
$
681.1

Less: Legally enforceable master netting agreements
 

 
 

 
 

 
(596.7
)
 
 

 
 

 
(596.7
)
Less: Cash collateral received/paid
 

 
 

 
 

 
(41.9
)
 
 

 
 

 
(45.9
)
Total derivative assets/liabilities
 

 
 

 
 

 
$
50.0

 
 

 
 

 
$
38.5


(1) 
Represents the total contract/notional amount of derivative assets and liabilities outstanding.
Derivative [Line Items]  
Schedule of Derivative Instruments in Statement of Financial Position, Fair Value
The table below summarizes information related to fair value hedges for 2016, 2015 and 2014, including hedges of interest rate risk on long-term debt that were acquired as part of a business combination and redesignated at that time. At redesignation, the fair value of the derivatives was positive. As the derivatives mature, the fair value will approach zero. As a result, ineffectiveness will occur and the fair value changes in the derivatives and the long-term debt being hedged may be directionally the same in certain scenarios. Based on a regression analysis, the derivatives continue to be highly effective at offsetting changes in the fair value of the long-term debt attributable to interest rate risk.
 
 
 
Derivatives Designated as Fair Value Hedges
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gains (Losses)
2016
(Dollars in millions)
Derivative
 
Hedged
Item
 
Hedge
Ineffectiveness
Interest rate risk on long-term debt (1)
$
(1,488
)
 
$
646

 
$
(842
)
Interest rate and foreign currency risk on long-term debt (1)
(941
)
 
944

 
3

Interest rate risk on available-for-sale securities (2)
227

 
(286
)
 
(59
)
Price risk on commodity inventory (3)
(17
)
 
17

 

Total
$
(2,219
)
 
$
1,321

 
$
(898
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2015
Interest rate risk on long-term debt (1)
$
(718
)
 
$
(77
)
 
$
(795
)
Interest rate and foreign currency risk on long-term debt (1)
(1,898
)
 
1,812

 
(86
)
Interest rate risk on available-for-sale securities (2)
105

 
(127
)
 
(22
)
Price risk on commodity inventory (3)
15

 
(11
)
 
4

Total
$
(2,496
)
 
$
1,597

 
$
(899
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2014
Interest rate risk on long-term debt (1)
$
2,144

 
$
(2,935
)
 
$
(791
)
Interest rate and foreign currency risk on long-term debt (1)
(2,212
)
 
2,120

 
(92
)
Interest rate risk on available-for-sale securities (2)
(35
)
 
3

 
(32
)
Price risk on commodity inventory (3)
21

 
(15
)
 
6

Total
$
(82
)
 
$
(827
)
 
$
(909
)
(1) 
Amounts are recorded in interest expense on long-term debt and in other income.
(2) 
Amounts are recorded in interest income on debt securities.
(3) 
Amounts relating to commodity inventory are recorded in trading account profits.
Cash Flow and Net Investment Hedges
The table below summarizes certain information related to cash flow hedges and net investment hedges for 2016, 2015 and 2014. Of the $895 million after-tax net loss ($1.4 billion on a pretax basis) on derivatives in accumulated OCI for 2016, $128 million after-tax ($206 million on a pretax basis) is expected to be reclassified into earnings in the next 12 months. These net losses reclassified into earnings are expected to primarily reduce net interest income related to the respective hedged items. Amounts related to price risk on restricted stock awards reclassified from accumulated OCI are recorded in personnel expense. For terminated cash flow hedges, the time period over which substantially all of the forecasted transactions are hedged is approximately seven years, with a maximum length of time for certain forecasted transactions of 20 years.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives Designated as Cash Flow and Net Investment Hedges
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016
(Dollars in millions, amounts pretax)
Gains (Losses)
Recognized in
Accumulated OCI
on Derivatives
 
Gains (Losses)
in Income
Reclassified from
Accumulated OCI
 
Hedge
Ineffectiveness and
Amounts Excluded
from Effectiveness
Testing (1)
Cash flow hedges
 

 
 

 
 

Interest rate risk on variable-rate portfolios
$
(340
)
 
$
(553
)
 
$
1

Price risk on restricted stock awards (2)
41

 
(32
)
 

Total
$
(299
)
 
$
(585
)
 
$
1

Net investment hedges
 

 
 

 
 

Foreign exchange risk
$
1,636

 
$
3

 
$
(325
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2015
Cash flow hedges
 

 
 

 
 

Interest rate risk on variable-rate portfolios
$
95

 
$
(974
)
 
$
(2
)
Price risk on restricted stock awards (2)
(40
)
 
91

 

Total
$
55

 
$
(883
)
 
$
(2
)
Net investment hedges
 

 
 

 
 

Foreign exchange risk
$
3,010

 
$
153

 
$
(298
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2014
Cash flow hedges
 

 
 

 
 

Interest rate risk on variable-rate portfolios
$
68

 
$
(1,119
)
 
$
(4
)
Price risk on restricted stock awards (2)
127

 
359

 

Total
$
195

 
$
(760
)
 
$
(4
)
Net investment hedges
 

 
 

 
 

Foreign exchange risk
$
3,021

 
$
21

 
$
(503
)
(1) 
Amounts related to cash flow hedges represent hedge ineffectiveness and amounts related to net investment hedges represent amounts excluded from effectiveness testing.
(2) 
The hedge gain (loss) recognized in accumulated OCI is primarily related to the change in the Corporation’s stock price for the period.
Other Risk Management Derivatives
The table below presents gains (losses) on these derivatives for 2016, 2015 and 2014. These gains (losses) are largely offset by the income or expense that is recorded on the hedged item.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other Risk Management Derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gains (Losses)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Dollars in millions)
2016
 
2015
 
2014
Interest rate risk on mortgage banking income (1)
$
461

 
$
254

 
$
1,017

Credit risk on loans (2)
(107
)
 
(22
)
 
16

Interest rate and foreign currency risk on ALM activities (3)
(754
)
 
(222
)
 
(3,683
)
Price risk on restricted stock awards (4)
9

 
(267
)
 
600

Other
5

 
11

 
(9
)
(1) 
Net gains (losses) on these derivatives are recorded in mortgage banking income as they are used to mitigate the interest rate risk related to MSRs, IRLCs and mortgage loans held-for-sale, all of which are measured at fair value with changes in fair value recorded in mortgage banking income. The net gains on IRLCs related to the origination of mortgage loans that are held-for-sale, which are not included in the table but are considered derivative instruments, were $533 million, $714 million and $776 million for 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
(2) 
Primarily related to derivatives that are economic hedges of credit risk on loans. Net gains (losses) on these derivatives are recorded in other income.
(3) 
Primarily related to hedges of debt securities carried at fair value and hedges of foreign currency-denominated debt. Gains (losses) on these derivatives and the related hedged items are recorded in other income.
(4) 
Gains (losses) on these derivatives are recorded in personnel expense.
Schedule of Derivative Instruments Included in Trading Activities
The following table, which includes both derivatives and non-derivative cash instruments, identifies the amounts in the respective income statement line items attributable to the Corporation’s sales and trading revenue in Global Markets, categorized by primary risk, for 2016, 2015 and 2014. The difference between total trading account profits in the following table and in the Consolidated Statement of Income represents trading activities in business segments other than Global Markets. This table includes debit valuation and funding valuation adjustment (DVA/FVA) gains (losses). Global Markets results in Note 24 – Business Segment Information are presented on a fully taxable-equivalent (FTE) basis. The following table is not presented on an FTE basis.
The results for 2016 and 2015 were impacted by the adoption of new accounting guidance in 2015 on recognition and measurement of financial instruments. As such, amounts in the "Other" column for 2016 and 2015 exclude unrealized DVA resulting from changes in the Corporation’s own credit spreads on liabilities accounted for under the fair value option. Amounts for 2014 include such amounts. For more information on the implementation of new accounting guidance, see Note 1 – Summary of Significant Accounting Principles.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales and Trading Revenue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016
(Dollars in millions)
Trading Account Profits
 
Net Interest Income
 
Other (1)
 
Total
Interest rate risk
$
1,608

 
$
1,397

 
$
304

 
$
3,309

Foreign exchange risk
1,360

 
(10
)
 
(154
)
 
1,196

Equity risk
1,915

 
15

 
2,072

 
4,002

Credit risk
1,258

 
2,587

 
425

 
4,270

Other risk
409

 
(20
)
 
40

 
429

Total sales and trading revenue
$
6,550

 
$
3,969

 
$
2,687

 
$
13,206

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2015
Interest rate risk
$
1,300

 
$
1,307

 
$
(263
)
 
$
2,344

Foreign exchange risk
1,322

 
(10
)
 
(117
)
 
1,195

Equity risk
2,115

 
56

 
2,146

 
4,317

Credit risk
910

 
2,361

 
452

 
3,723

Other risk
462

 
(81
)
 
62

 
443

Total sales and trading revenue
$
6,109

 
$
3,633

 
$
2,280

 
$
12,022

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2014
Interest rate risk
$
983

 
$
946

 
$
466

 
$
2,395

Foreign exchange risk
1,177

 
7

 
(128
)
 
1,056

Equity risk
1,954

 
(79
)
 
2,307

 
4,182

Credit risk
1,404

 
2,563

 
617

 
4,584

Other risk
508

 
(123
)
 
108

 
493

Total sales and trading revenue
$
6,026

 
$
3,314

 
$
3,370

 
$
12,710

(1) 
Represents amounts in investment and brokerage services and other income that are recorded in Global Markets and included in the definition of sales and trading revenue. Includes investment and brokerage services revenue of $2.1 billion, $2.2 billion and $2.2 billion for 2016, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
Disclosure of Credit Derivatives
Credit derivative instruments where the Corporation is the seller of credit protection and their expiration at December 31, 2016 and 2015 are summarized in the following table. These instruments are classified as investment and non-investment grade based on the credit quality of the underlying referenced obligation. The Corporation considers ratings of BBB- or higher as investment grade. Non-investment grade includes non-rated credit derivative instruments. The Corporation discloses internal categorizations of investment grade and non-investment grade consistent with how risk is managed for these instruments.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Credit Derivative Instruments
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2016
 
Carrying Value
(Dollars in millions)
Less than
One Year
 
One to
Three Years
 
Three to
Five Years
 
Over Five
Years
 
Total
Credit default swaps:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Investment grade
$
10

 
$
64

 
$
535

 
$
783

 
$
1,392

Non-investment grade
771

 
1,053

 
908

 
3,339

 
6,071

Total
781

 
1,117

 
1,443

 
4,122

 
7,463

Total return swaps/other:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Investment grade
16

 

 

 

 
16

Non-investment grade
127

 
10

 
2

 
1

 
140

Total
143

 
10

 
2

 
1

 
156

Total credit derivatives
$
924

 
$
1,127

 
$
1,445

 
$
4,123

 
$
7,619

Credit-related notes:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Investment grade
$

 
$
12

 
$
542

 
$
1,423

 
$
1,977

Non-investment grade
70

 
22

 
60

 
1,318

 
1,470

Total credit-related notes
$
70

 
$
34

 
$
602

 
$
2,741

 
$
3,447

 
Maximum Payout/Notional
Credit default swaps:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Investment grade
$
121,083

 
$
143,200

 
$
116,540

 
$
21,905

 
$
402,728

Non-investment grade
84,755

 
67,160

 
41,001

 
18,711

 
211,627

Total
205,838

 
210,360

 
157,541

 
40,616

 
614,355

Total return swaps/other:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Investment grade
12,792

 

 

 

 
12,792

Non-investment grade
6,638

 
5,127

 
589

 
208

 
12,562

Total
19,430

 
5,127

 
589

 
208

 
25,354

Total credit derivatives
$
225,268

 
$
215,487

 
$
158,130

 
$
40,824

 
$
639,709

 
December 31, 2015
 
Carrying Value
Credit default swaps:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Investment grade
$
84

 
$
481

 
$
2,203

 
$
680

 
$
3,448

Non-investment grade
672

 
3,035

 
2,386

 
3,583

 
9,676

Total
756

 
3,516

 
4,589

 
4,263

 
13,124

Total return swaps/other:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Investment grade
5

 

 

 

 
5

Non-investment grade
171

 
236

 
8

 
2

 
417

Total
176

 
236

 
8

 
2

 
422

Total credit derivatives
$
932

 
$
3,752

 
$
4,597

 
$
4,265

 
$
13,546

Credit-related notes:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Investment grade
$
267

 
$
57

 
$
444

 
$
2,203

 
$
2,971

Non-investment grade
61

 
118

 
117

 
1,264

 
1,560

Total credit-related notes
$
328

 
$
175

 
$
561

 
$
3,467

 
$
4,531

 
Maximum Payout/Notional
Credit default swaps:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Investment grade
$
149,177

 
$
280,658

 
$
178,990

 
$
26,352

 
$
635,177

Non-investment grade
81,596

 
135,850

 
53,299

 
18,221

 
288,966

Total
230,773

 
416,508

 
232,289

 
44,573

 
924,143

Total return swaps/other:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Investment grade
9,758

 

 

 

 
9,758

Non-investment grade
20,917

 
6,989

 
1,371

 
623

 
29,900

Total
30,675

 
6,989

 
1,371

 
623

 
39,658

Total credit derivatives
$
261,448

 
$
423,497

 
$
233,660

 
$
45,196

 
$
963,801

Additional Collateral required to be posted upon downgrade
The table below presents the amount of additional collateral that would have been contractually required by derivative contracts and other trading agreements at December 31, 2016 if the rating agencies had downgraded their long-term senior debt ratings for the Corporation or certain subsidiaries by one incremental notch and by an additional second incremental notch.
 
 
 
Additional Collateral Required to be Posted Upon Downgrade
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2016
(Dollars in millions)
One
incremental notch
Second
incremental notch
Bank of America Corporation
$
498

$
866

Bank of America, N.A. and subsidiaries (1)
310

492

(1) 
Included in Bank of America Corporation collateral requirements in this table.
Derivative Liability subject to unilateral termination upon downgrade
The table below presents the derivative liabilities that would be subject to unilateral termination by counterparties and the amounts of collateral that would have been contractually required at December 31, 2016 if the long-term senior debt ratings for the Corporation or certain subsidiaries had been lower by one incremental notch and by an additional second incremental notch.
 
 
 
Derivative Liabilities Subject to Unilateral Termination Upon Downgrade
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2016
(Dollars in millions)
One
incremental notch
Second
incremental notch
Derivative liabilities
$
691

$
1,324

Collateral posted
459

1,026

Valuation Adjustments on Derivatives
The table below presents CVA, DVA and FVA gains (losses) on derivatives, which are recorded in trading account profits, on a gross and net of hedge basis for 2016, 2015 and 2014. CVA gains reduce the cumulative CVA thereby increasing the derivative assets balance. DVA gains increase the cumulative DVA thereby decreasing the derivative liabilities balance. CVA and DVA losses have the opposite impact. FVA gains related to derivative assets reduce the cumulative FVA thereby increasing the derivative assets balance. FVA gains related to derivative liabilities increase the cumulative FVA thereby decreasing the derivative liabilities balance.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Valuation Adjustments on Derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gains (Losses)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2016
 
2015
 
2014
(Dollars in millions)
Gross
Net
 
Gross
Net
 
Gross
Net
Derivative assets (CVA) (1)
$
374

$
214

 
$
255

$
227

 
$
(22
)
$
191

Derivative assets/liabilities (FVA) (1)
186

102

 
16

16

 
(497
)
(497
)
Derivative liabilities (DVA) (1)
24

(141
)
 
(18
)
(153
)
 
(28
)
(150
)
(1) 
At December 31, 2016, 2015 and 2014, cumulative CVA reduced the derivative assets balance by $1.0 billion, $1.4 billion and $1.6 billion, cumulative FVA reduced the net derivatives balance by $296 million, $481 million and $497 million, and cumulative DVA reduced the derivative liabilities balance by $774 million, $750 million and $769 million, respectively.

Derivative  
Derivative [Line Items]  
Offsetting Liabilities
The Offsetting of Derivatives table presents derivative instruments included in derivative assets and liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2016 and 2015 by primary risk (e.g., interest rate risk) and the platform, where applicable, on which these derivatives are transacted. Exchange-traded derivatives include listed options transacted on an exchange. OTC derivatives include bilateral transactions between the Corporation and a particular counterparty. OTC-cleared derivatives include bilateral transactions between the Corporation and a counterparty where the transaction is cleared through a clearinghouse. Balances are presented on a gross basis, prior to the application of counterparty and cash collateral netting. Total gross derivative assets and liabilities are adjusted on an aggregate basis to take into consideration the effects of legally enforceable master netting agreements which includes reducing the balance for counterparty netting and cash collateral received or paid.
Other gross derivative assets and liabilities in the table represent derivatives entered into under master netting agreements where uncertainty exists as to the enforceability of these agreements under bankruptcy laws in some countries or industries and, accordingly, receivables and payables with counterparties in these countries or industries are reported on a gross basis.
Also included in the table is financial instruments collateral related to legally enforceable master netting agreements that represents securities collateral received or pledged and cash and securities collateral held and posted at third-party custodians. These amounts are not offset on the Consolidated Balance Sheet but are shown as a reduction to total derivative assets and liabilities in the table to derive net derivative assets and liabilities.
For more information on offsetting of securities financing agreements, see Note 10 – Federal Funds Sold or Purchased, Securities Financing Agreements and Short-term Borrowings.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Offsetting of Derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
(Dollars in billions)
Derivative
Assets
 
Derivative Liabilities
 
Derivative
Assets
 
Derivative Liabilities
Interest rate contracts
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Over-the-counter
$
267.3

 
$
258.2

 
$
309.3

 
$
297.2

Over-the-counter cleared
177.2

 
182.8

 
197.0

 
201.7

Foreign exchange contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Over-the-counter
124.3

 
126.7

 
103.2

 
107.5

Over-the-counter cleared
0.3

 
0.3

 
0.1

 
0.1

Equity contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Over-the-counter
15.6

 
13.7

 
16.6

 
14.0

Exchange-traded
11.4

 
10.8

 
10.0

 
9.2

Commodity contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Over-the-counter
3.7

 
4.9

 
7.3

 
8.9

Exchange-traded
1.1

 
1.0

 
1.8

 
1.8

Over-the-counter cleared

 

 
0.1

 
0.1

Credit derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Over-the-counter
15.3

 
14.7

 
24.6

 
22.9

Over-the-counter cleared
4.3

 
4.3

 
6.5

 
6.4

Total gross derivative assets/liabilities, before netting
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Over-the-counter
426.2

 
418.2

 
461.0

 
450.5

Exchange-traded
12.5

 
11.8

 
11.8

 
11.0

Over-the-counter cleared
181.8

 
187.4

 
203.7

 
208.3

Less: Legally enforceable master netting agreements and cash collateral received/paid
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Over-the-counter
(398.2
)
 
(392.6
)
 
(426.6
)
 
(425.7
)
Exchange-traded
(8.9
)
 
(8.9
)
 
(8.7
)
 
(8.7
)
Over-the-counter cleared
(181.5
)
 
(187.3
)
 
(203.3
)
 
(208.2
)
Derivative assets/liabilities, after netting
31.9

 
28.6

 
37.9

 
27.2

Other gross derivative assets/liabilities (1)
10.6

 
10.9

 
12.1

 
11.3

Total derivative assets/liabilities
42.5

 
39.5

 
50.0

 
38.5

Less: Financial instruments collateral (2)
(13.5
)
 
(10.5
)
 
(13.9
)
 
(6.5
)
Total net derivative assets/liabilities
$
29.0

 
$
29.0

 
$
36.1

 
$
32.0


(1) 
Consists of derivatives entered into under master netting agreements where the enforceability of these agreements is uncertain.
(2) 
These amounts are limited to the derivative asset/liability balance and, accordingly, do not include excess collateral received/pledged.
Offsetting Assets
The Offsetting of Derivatives table presents derivative instruments included in derivative assets and liabilities on the Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2016 and 2015 by primary risk (e.g., interest rate risk) and the platform, where applicable, on which these derivatives are transacted. Exchange-traded derivatives include listed options transacted on an exchange. OTC derivatives include bilateral transactions between the Corporation and a particular counterparty. OTC-cleared derivatives include bilateral transactions between the Corporation and a counterparty where the transaction is cleared through a clearinghouse. Balances are presented on a gross basis, prior to the application of counterparty and cash collateral netting. Total gross derivative assets and liabilities are adjusted on an aggregate basis to take into consideration the effects of legally enforceable master netting agreements which includes reducing the balance for counterparty netting and cash collateral received or paid.
Other gross derivative assets and liabilities in the table represent derivatives entered into under master netting agreements where uncertainty exists as to the enforceability of these agreements under bankruptcy laws in some countries or industries and, accordingly, receivables and payables with counterparties in these countries or industries are reported on a gross basis.
Also included in the table is financial instruments collateral related to legally enforceable master netting agreements that represents securities collateral received or pledged and cash and securities collateral held and posted at third-party custodians. These amounts are not offset on the Consolidated Balance Sheet but are shown as a reduction to total derivative assets and liabilities in the table to derive net derivative assets and liabilities.
For more information on offsetting of securities financing agreements, see Note 10 – Federal Funds Sold or Purchased, Securities Financing Agreements and Short-term Borrowings.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Offsetting of Derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2016
 
December 31, 2015
(Dollars in billions)
Derivative
Assets
 
Derivative Liabilities
 
Derivative
Assets
 
Derivative Liabilities
Interest rate contracts
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Over-the-counter
$
267.3

 
$
258.2

 
$
309.3

 
$
297.2

Over-the-counter cleared
177.2

 
182.8

 
197.0

 
201.7

Foreign exchange contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Over-the-counter
124.3

 
126.7

 
103.2

 
107.5

Over-the-counter cleared
0.3

 
0.3

 
0.1

 
0.1

Equity contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Over-the-counter
15.6

 
13.7

 
16.6

 
14.0

Exchange-traded
11.4

 
10.8

 
10.0

 
9.2

Commodity contracts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Over-the-counter
3.7

 
4.9

 
7.3

 
8.9

Exchange-traded
1.1

 
1.0

 
1.8

 
1.8

Over-the-counter cleared

 

 
0.1

 
0.1

Credit derivatives
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Over-the-counter
15.3

 
14.7

 
24.6

 
22.9

Over-the-counter cleared
4.3

 
4.3

 
6.5

 
6.4

Total gross derivative assets/liabilities, before netting
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Over-the-counter
426.2

 
418.2

 
461.0

 
450.5

Exchange-traded
12.5

 
11.8

 
11.8

 
11.0